ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Употребление времен




cousin (to go) to school every day. 17.My mother (not to play) the piano now. She (to play) the piano in the morning. 18.When you (to listen) to the news on the radio? 19.Who (to make) breakfast for you now? 20. You (to read) a magazine and (to think) about ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ your holiday at the moment? 21. They (to be) good dancers but they (not to go) to discos very of­ten. 22. What she (to talk) about right now?

Упражнение 178

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous либо в Present Simple.

1. I (to sit) in the waiting room at the doctor's now ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 2. I (not to work) in my office now. 3. Eric (to talk) about his holiday plans, but Kenny (not to lis­ten) to him. He (to think) about his new car at the moment. 4. My friend (to live) in St. Petersburg. 5. My cousin (not to live) in Moscow ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 6. The chil­dren (not to sleep) now. 7. The children (to play) in the yard every day. 8. They (not to go) to the stadi­um on Monday. 9. She (to read) in the evening. 10. She (not to read) in the morning. 11.She (not to read) now. 12.1 (to write) a composition now. 13.1 (not ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ to drink) milk now. 14. I (to go) for a walk after dinner. 15. I (not to go) to the theatre every Sun­day. 16. He (not to read) now. 17.He (to play) now. 18.He (to play) now? 19.My mother (to work) at a factory. 20. My aunt (not to work) at ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ a shop. 21. You (to work) at an office? 22. Your father (to work) at this factory? 23. You (to play) chess now? 24. Look at the sky: the clouds (to move) slowly, the sun (to appear) from behind the clouds, it (to get) warmer. 25. How is your brother? — He is not well yet, but ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ his health (to improve) day after day. 26. Listen! Who (to play) the piano in the next room? 27. Henry usually (to wear) glasses and now


he (to wear) sunglasses. 28. Who (to listen) to mu­sic on his personal" stereo over there right now?

Запомните глаголы, не употребляющиеся во вре ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ­менах группы Continuous: to be, to know, to understand, to think, to recognize, to want, to like, to see, to hear, to feel, to have1. Эти глаголы нужно употреблять в Present Simple, даже если действие совершается в момент речи.

Упражнение 179

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous либо в Present ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ Simple.

1. I (not to know) what to give my brother for his birthday. 2. They (to want) to publish this book in July? 3. She (to think) he (to drive) dangerously. 4. He (to understand) that he (to eat) noisily, but he always (to forget) about it. 5. Who that man ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to be) who (to stand) in the doorway? — You (not to rec­ognize) him? It (to be) John, my cousin. 6.1 (to have) no time now, I (to have) dinner. 7. Your family (to leave) St. Petersburg in summer? — Yes, we always (to go) to the seaside. We all (to like ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) the sea. Moth­er (to stay) with us to the end of August, but father (to return) much earlier. 8. Where Tom and Nick (to be) now? — They (to have) a smoke in the garden. 9. What you (to do) here now? — We (to listen) to tape recordings. 10. You (to want ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) to see my father? — Yes, I ... . 11.Michael (to know) German rather well. He (to want) to know English, too, but he (to have) little time for it now. 12. What magazine you

1 to have— исключительно в собственном прямом значении «иметь». В словосочетаниях типа "to have breakfast", "to have a lesson", "to have ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ a smoke"глагол to have употребляется также и во вре­менах группы Continuous.


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(to read)? — It (to be) a French magazine. There (to be) good articles on sports here. You (to be) in­terested in sports? — Yes, I ... . But I (not to know) French. 13. We (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ have) an English lesson now.

14. He (to feel) in a position to lend her money.

15. I (to think) she (not to feel) safe there. 16. You (to see) what I (to mean)? 17. You (to hear) what she (to say)? 18. He (not to feel) at liberty to tell you the truth. 19. Ron has ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ got a new job. He (to earn) a fortune as a managing director. They (to think) he (to be) a bag of money.

Упражнение 180

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous либо в Present Simple.

One Sunday Agnes and her mother went to the zoo. Agnes was very ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ excited. She was interested in everything she saw.

"Mother, look," she said. "There (to be) a monkey in this cage. It (to eat) an apple. Now it (to give) a bite to another monkey. I (to think) monkeys (to like) apples very much."

"Yes, dear," said her mother ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ.

"Now I (to want) to go and see the lions and ti­gers. Where they (to live), mother?"

"In that big house over there. Come along."

Agnes enjoyed herself very much in the lion house. "Mother," she said, "the tiger (to want) a drink: it (to go) to the dish ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ of water there in the corner. And the lion (to look) right at me. You (to think) it (to want) to eat me up? When the lions and tigers (to have) their dinner, mother?"

"The keepers (to bring) them great pieces of meat every day at four o'clock. And ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ they (to make) a big noise before their dinner time, so everybody (to know) they (to be) hungry."


Упражнение 181

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous либо в Present Simple.

1. In the evening I often (to go) to see my friends. 2. On Sunday we sometimes (to go) to the cinema ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ or to a disco club. 3. Andrew (to get) up very early as he (to live) far from school. He (to be) never late. 4. It (to be) six o'clock in the evening now. Victor (to do) his homework. His sis­ter (to read) a book. His mother ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ and grandmother (to talk). 5. I (to write) a letter to my grandmother who (to live) in Novgo-rod. I (to write) to her very often. 6. It (to take) me forty minutes to get to school. 7. Hello, Pete, where you (to go)? — I (to hurry) to school. 8. When your lessons ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to begin) on Monday? — They (to begin) at nine o'clock. 9. Where your sister (to be)? — She (to do) her homework in the next room. 10. It usually (to take) me an hour to do my written exercises. 11. Where Boris (to be)? I (to look) for him. — He (to have ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) dinner. 12. I (to look) for a cassette recorder. You (to have) anything on sale? — Take a look at this little Sonic Walkman. — No, I (not to want) that kind. — Well, this Supersound might interest you. It (to be) a good size, it (to be) stereo and it (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ have) a radio to listen to the news.

Упражнение 182

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous либо в Present Simple.

1. You (to keep) to any special diet? — Well, I (not to think) it (to be) good to eat a lot of meat.


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Употребление времен 149



I usually (to have) meat ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ only once a week. I (to eat) lots of fruit and vegetables. 2. He (to learn) English now because he (to want) to get a better job. 3. The teacher (to know) the girl often (not to argue) with pupils. 4. I (to think) she often (to worry). 5. Bar­bara's ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ boss (to see) she (to be) always late for work. 6.1 (to call) my son in Cedar Falls now. I (to want) to call him every month but it (to be) very expensive. 7. You (to hear) me now? How your job (to go)? — Great! I (to enjoy) it a lot. The only ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ problem I (to have) here (to be) that the food (to be) so good. I (to eat) too much! I (to get) really fat. 8. Ruth (to learn) English now because she (to like) learning languages and she (to want) to impress everybody. 9. Listen to that man! You ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to understand) what language he (to speak)? 10. Your English (to get) better? — Yes, I (to think) so. 11. We (to know) he never (to take) risks. 12. They (to think) he (to learn) fast, he (to know) English well and he (to speak) English fluent­ly. 13. Don't disturb him. He ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ just (to work) at his English. 14. I (not to like) to watch TV very often. But at the moment I (to enjoy) my favourite film "Gone with the Wind". And I (to be) very happy. 15. You (to have) any idea where Rick (to be)? I (not to see) him ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ at work now. — He (to visit) his friends in Spain. 16. Hurry up! We (not to have) much time left. — I (to come)! 17. She (to try) to lose weight, I (to think). She always (to have) light lunches. 18. She (to try) to do her best. 19. My little brother (not to play) the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ piano very well. That (to be) why he (to practise) the piano again. 20. My grandmother (to be) busy. She (to bake) an apricote pie. She (to bake) pies every Sunday. 21. Tom (to be) tired. He (to be) embarrassed because he (to yawn) his head off. 22. I (to be ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) sad. That (to be) why I (to cry).


Спряжение глагола to work(работать) в Future Simple Tense (Future Indefinite Tense) (действие будет совершаться в дальнейшем)
1 shall work Не will workShe will work It will work We shall workYou will workThey will work 1 shall not work He will not workShe will ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ not work It will not work We shall not workYou will not workThey will not work
Shall 1 work? Will he work? Willshe work? Will it work? Shall we work? Willyou work? Will they work? Yes, 1 shall.Yes, he will.Yes, she will.Yes, it will. Yes, we shall.Yes ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, you will.Yes, they will. No, 1 shan't. No, he won't. No, she won't. No, it won't. No, we shan't. No, you won't. No, they won't.

Упражнение 183

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Future Simple.

1. I want to get a medical checkup ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. I (to go) to my doctor tomorrow. 2. He (to give) me a complete examination. 3. The nurse (to lead) me into one of the examination rooms. 4. I (to take) off my clothes and (to put) on a hospital gown. 5. Dr. Setton (to come) in, (to shake) my хэнд, and (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ say) "hello". 6. I (to stand) on his scale so he can measure my height and my weight. 7. He (to take) my pulse. 8. Then he (to take) my blood pressure. 9. After he takes my blood pressure, he (to take) some blood for a blood analysis. 10. He (to examine) my eyes ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, ears, nose, and throat. 11. He (to listen) to my heart with


150 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


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a stethoscope. 12. Then he (to take) a chest X-ray and (to do) a cardiogram (ECG or EKG). 13. After the checkup I (to go) home and (to wait) for Dr. Set-ton's call. 14.Dr. Setton (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ call) me tomorrow after­noon and (to say) to me: "Stop worring! Your blood analysis is excellent." He is a very good doctor.

Сравните употребление Present Continuous, Present Simple и Future Simple

Упражнение 184

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous, Present Simple либо в Future Simple.

1. I(to play) chess ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ tomorrow. 2. I (not to play) chess tomorrow. 3. You (to play) chess tomorrow? 4. He (to play) chess every day. 5. He (not to play) chess every day. 6. He (to play) chess every day? 7. They (to play) chess now. 8. They (not to play) chess now. 9. They (to play) chess now? 10. Nick (to go) to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ the park now. 11.Nick (to go) to school every day. 12. Nick (to go) to school tomorrow. 13.1 (to miss) your excellent cooking! 14.You ever (to buy) presents? 15.You (to think) it (to be) easy or difficult to choose the right presents for people? 16.What present your mother (to receive ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) for her next birthday? 17.

A: The weather (to be) unpredictable these days. B: Well, maybe it (to be) warm and sunny. A: It (to get) cold, and look at those clouds. I (to

think) it (to be) cold and damp. B: You (to be right). It (to get) cold. My feet ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to

freeze). You (to know), it might snow. A: You never (to know). They (say) fog (to cover) the

area early tomorrow morning. It (to clear) and (to

become) sunny by noon. So it might be beautiful

this afternoon, too.


В: You (to kid)? I (to freeze). Where (to be) the bus ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ? We (to wait) for the bus now. We always (to wait) for the bus. And tomorrow we (to wait) for the bus, too.

Упражнение 185

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous, Present Simple либо в Future Simple.

1. You (to come) to my place next Sunday? 2. You (to read ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) this book next week? 3. You (to read) books every day? 4. You (to read) a book now? 5. I (not to see) him tomorrow. 6. What you (to do) tomorrow? 7. What your friend (to do) tomorrow? 8. Where you (to go) next summer? 9. Where you (to go) every morning? 10. Where you (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ go) now? 11.Look! Mary (to dance). 12. She (to dance) every day. 13. She (to dance) tomorrow? 14.He (to go) to the theatre tomor­row. 15.We (to go) to school in the morning. 16.Look! Kate (to go) to school. 17. You (to help) your mother tomorrow? 18.1 (not to play) the guitar now ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 19. My brother (to play) the guitar every evening. 20. They (not to take) care of the garden next summer. 21". You (to like) apples? 22. You (to eat) apples tomorrow? 23. Nick (to read) many books. 24. Mother (to work) every day. 25. He (not to sleep) now. 26. Your brother (to go) to the exhibition next ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ Sunday? 27. We (not to go) to the zoo tomorrow. 28.1 (not to learn) the poem now. 29. She (to live) in San Francisco. 30. My father (to shoot) very well. 31. He is very strong. Look! He (to carry) a very heavy box.

Упражнение 186

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous, Present Simple ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ либо в Future Simple.

1. My sister (not to like) coffee. 2. When you (to go) to bed every day? 3. What he (to read) now?


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4. What he (to read) every day? 5. What he (to read) tomorrow? 6. You (to give) me this book tomorrow? 7. Where she (to be ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) tomorrow? 8. Where she (to go) tomorrow? 9. She (to go) to the country with us to­morrow? 10. They (to stay) at home tomorrow. 11.What you (to do) now? I (to see) that you (not to read). 12. When you (to finish) your homework? It (to be) very late, it (to be) time to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ go to bed. 13. How you usually (to spend) evenings? 14. What you (to do) in the country next summer? 15. They (not to drink) tea now. I (to think) they (to watch) TV.

16. What your father (to drink) in the evening?

17.When you (to get) up every day? — I (to get ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) up at seven o'clock. 18.My brother usually (not to get) up at seven o'clock. As a rule, he (to get) up at six o'clock, but tomorrow he (to get) up at seven o'clock.

19. Why she (to come) home so late tomorrow?

20. We (to go) to the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ country the day after tomor­row. 21. Our friends always (to go) to the country for the weekend. 22. Look! The kitten (to play) with its tail. 23. Your parents (to watch) TV now? 24. My sis­ter (not to rest) now. She (to help) mother in the kitch­en. She ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to help) mother in the kitchen every day.

He запамятовывайте употреблять истинное времявме­сто грядущего в придаточных предложениях времени и условия после союзов if, when, as soon as, before, after, till (until).

Упражнение 187

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в подходящем времени.

1.Before you (to cross) the park, you will come to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ a supermarket. 2. When you (to cross) the park, you will see the hospital. 3. If you (to translate) this


article into Russian, I shall use it in my report. 4. If she (to be) in St. Petersburg now, she will meet you at the railway station. 5. If you (not to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ hurry), you will miss the train. 6. If it (to rain), we shan't go to the country. 7. When my friend (to come) to St. Petersburg, we shall go to the Russian Museum. 8. What will you be doing when he (to come) to your place? 9. Don't forget to pay for ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ your dinner before you (to leave) the canteen. 10. I shall be able to trans­late this article if you (to give) me a dictionary. 11.You will have to work hard at home if you (to miss) the lesson. 12. Where will you go when you (to come) to London? 13. The ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ child won't be healthy if you (not to give) him much fruit. 14. I shan't have dinner before mother (to come) home. 15. What will you do if you (not to finish) your homework tonight? 16. She will wait for him till he (to come) back.

Упражнение 188

Раскройте скобки ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple либо Future Simple. (Все предложения отно сятся к будущему.)

1. If I (to stay) some more days in your town, I (to call) on you and we (to have) a good talk. 2. He (to go) to the Public Library very often when he (to be ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) a student. 3. As soon as I (to return) from school, I (to ring) you up. 4. You (to pass) many towns and villages on your way before you (to arrive) in Mos­cow. 5. I (to stay) at home till she (to come). Then we (to go) to the theatre if ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ she (to bring) tickets. 6. After I (to finish) school, I (to enter) the Univer­sity. 7. When he (to return) to St. Petersburg, he (to call) on us. 8. If I (to see) him, I (to tell) him about their letter. 9. We (to gather) at our place when my brother (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ come) back from Africa. 10.1 (to sing) this song with you if you (to tell) me the words.


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11. I hope you (to join) us when we (to gather) in our- country house the next time. 12. What you (to do) when you (to come) home? 13. When they (to cross) the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ road, they (to see) the hotel. 14. Be­fore she (to get) to the theatre, she (to go) past the shopping centre. 15. What we (to do) if it (to rain) tonight? 16. What she (to do) if she (to see) her best friend again? 17. If the bus (to be) very crowded ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, you (to be) exhausted by the time you (to get) to work. 18. If it (to be) very cold tonight, our car (not to start) in the morning.

Упражнение 189

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple либо Future Simple. (Все предложения отно­сятся к будущему.)

1. If the weather (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ be) nice, we probably (to go) to the beach. 2. If he still (to have) a cold and (not to feel) better, he (not to go) to a disco. 3. If you (to decide) to forget about your diet, you (to eat) wed­ding cake tomorrow. 4. If I (to drink ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) too much champagne at my friend's wedding, I (to get) a bad headache. 5. If they (to go) to California next year, they (to visit) his friend in San Francisco. 6. If she (not to work) properly, her boss (to fire) her and (to hire) my sister. 7.1 (to see) you before you ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to start)? 8. What he (to do) when he (to come) home? 9. Where they (to go) if the weather (to be) fine? 10. He (to ring) me up when he (to return) home. 11. If it (to rain), we (to stay) at home. 12. She (to walk) home if it (not to be ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) too cold. 13. I am sure he (to come) to say goodbye to us before he (to leave) St. Peters­burg. 14. Please turn off the light when you (to leave) the room. 15. If we (to be) tired, we (to stop) at a small village halfway to Moscow and (to have) a ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ short rest and a meal there. 16. If you (to miss) the 10.30 train, there is another at 10.35. 17. She (to


make) all the arrangements about it before she (to fly) there. 18. Before he (to start) for London, he (to spend) a week or two at a health resort not far ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ from here.

Упражнение 190

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple либо Future Simple. (Все предложения отно сятся к будущему.)

1. My grandmother is superstitious. She always says to me, "If you (to spill) salt, you should throw a little salt over your left shoulder. If you (not to do) this ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, you (to have) bad luck. If you (to break) a mirror, you (to have) bad luck for seven years."

2. I (not to speak) to him until he (to apologize).

3. Peter (to introduce) us to his friends as soon as we (to meet) them. 4. We (to go) to the station to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ meet Sergei when he (to come) to St. Petersburg. 5. Don't go away until mother (to come) back. Give her the note as soon as she (to come). 6. You (to go) to the library with us? — No, I ... . I (to stay) here and (to help) Jane with her grammar ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. I (to come) to the library after I (to finish). 7. Ring me up before you (to come). 8. I (to speak) to Mary if I (to see) her today. 9. If you (to ask) me a difficult question, I (to be) nervous. If I (to be) nervous, I (to make ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) a mis­take. If I (to make) a mistake, the other students (to laugh) at me. If the other students (to laugh) at me, I (to be) embarrassed. And if I (to be) embarrassed, I (to cry). So please don't ask me a difficult question!

Упражнение 191

Раскройте скобки ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Present Continuous либо Future Simple.

1. It (to be) cold in autumn. It often (to rain). A cold wind often (to blow). 2. The weather (to be)


156 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Употребление времен




fine today. It (to be) warm, the sun (to shine) brightly. A soft wind (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ blow). Small white clouds (to sail) in the sky. 3. Don't go out: it (to rain) heav­ily. 4. Take your raincoat with you. I am afraid it (to rain) in the evening and you (to get) wet through if you (not to put) on your raincoat. 5. Every spring birds (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ come) to our garden and (to sing) in the trees. 6. Listen! Somebody (to sing) in the next room.

7. It usually (not to snow) at this time of the year.

8. What the weather (to be) like now? It (to snow)? — No, it ... . 9. We (to go) out of town to ski on ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ Sunday? — Yes, we ... if it (to snow) this week and if there (to be) a lot of snow everywhere. 10. What you (to do) tomorrow? — We (to go) out of town if the weather (not to change) for the worse. You (to come) with us? — With pleasure, if only I (not ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ to l have) too much work to do at home. 11. If we (to have) televisions at our supermarket, they (to in­form) customers about things in the store. 12. If we

(to play) music, it (to produce) the right atmosphere. 13. If we (to put) in cameras, they (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ stop) people stealing things. 14. If we (to employ) more assist­ants, they (to help) our customers.

Упражнение 192

Переведите на британский язык, употребляя гла голы в Present Simple либо Future Simple.

1. Он сделает упражнения по британскому язы­
ку, если у него не будет других дел. 2. Если я не :
помогу ему, он не напишет ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ контрольную работу
завтра. 3. Он не пойдет в библиотеку сейчас ве­
чером. 4. Если он не пойдет в библиотеку, он бу­
дет дома. 5. Мы будем дома завтра. 6. Если мы
будем дома завтра, мы поглядим эту программку
по телеку. 7. Ее не будет завтра дома. 8. Если
ее не будет завтра дома, оставьте ей записку.


9. Завтра ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ погода будет отменная. 10. Если завт­ра погода будет отменная, мы поедем за город. 11. Когда она приходит в школу, она снимает пальто. 12. Когда она придет в школу, она снимет пальто. 13. Как он вспоминает эту смеш­ную сцену, он начинает смеяться. 14. Как он вспомнит эту забавную сцену, он начнет сме­яться ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 15. Я приду домой в 6 часов. 16. Ког­да я приду домой, я позвоню вам. 17. Она позво­нит нам вечерком. 18. Если она позвонит вам, по­просите ее принести мне книжку. 19. Я увижу Тома завтра. 20. Как я увижу Тома, я расскажу ему об этом. 21. Я поеду в Париж на будущей не ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ­деле. 22. Перед тем, как я поеду в Париж, я по­звоню вам.

Спряжение глагола to work(работать) в Past Simple Tense (Past Indefinite Tense)
Правильные глаголы (действие совершалось в прошедшем)
1 worked Не workedShe worked It worked We worked You workedThey worked 1 did not work He did not workShe did ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ not work It did not work We did not workYou did not workThey did not work
Did 1 work? Didhe work? Didshe work? Did it work? Did we work? Didyou work? Didthey work? Yes, 1 did.Yes, he did.Yes, she did.Yes, it did. Yes, we did.Yes, you did.Yes ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, they did. No, 1 didn't. No, he didn't. No,she didn't. No, it didn't. No, we didn't. No,you didn't.No, they didn't.

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Употребление времен




Спряжение глагола to write(писать) в Past Simple Tense (Past Indefinite Tense)
Некорректные глаголы (действие совершалось в прошедшем)
1 wrote ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ Не wroteShe wrote It wrote We wroteYou wroteThey wrote 1 did not write He did not writeShe did not write It did not write We did not writeYou did not writeThey did not write
Did 1 write? Did he write? Didshe write? Did it write? Did we write ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ? Didyou write? Didthey write? Yes, 1 did.Yes, he did.Yes, she did.Yes, it did. Yes, we did.Yes, you did.Yes, they did. No, 1 didn't. No, he didn't. No,she didn't. No, it didn't. No, we didn't. No,you didn't.No, they didn't.

Упражнение ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ 193

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple.

1. What your neighbours (to do) yesterday?

2. Mr. Smith (to fix) his car yesterday morning.

3. His wife (to water) plants in the garden. 4. Their children (to clean) the yard and then they (to play) basketball. 5. In the evening their boys (to listen ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) to loud music and (to watch) TV. 6. Their little girl (to cry) a little and then (to smile). 7. Her brothers (to shout) at her. 8. Mrs. Smith (to work) in the kitch­en. 9. She (to bake) a delicious apple pie. 10. She (to


cook) a good dinner. 11. She (to wash ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) the dishes and (to look) very tired. 12. The children (to brush) their teeth, (to yawn) a little and (to go) to bed.

13. Their mother (to change) her clothes and (to
brush) her hair. Then she (to talk) on the phone.

14. Her husband (to smoke) a cigarette and (to talk)
to his wife. 15. They ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to wait) for the bus. The bus
(to arrive) at 9 o'clock. 16. They (to visit) their
friends. 17. They (to dance) a lot there. 18. Mr. and
Mrs. Smith (to rest) very well last night. They real­
ly (to have) a wonderful time at their friends.

Упражнение 194

Перепишите последующий текст в прошедшем вре­мени ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ.

On Monday we have five lessons. The first lesson is Russian. At this lesson we write a dictation and do some exercises. Nick goes to the blackboard. He answers well and gets a "five". Pete does not get a "five" because he does not know his lesson. After the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ second lesson I go to the canteen. I eat a sand­wich and drink a cup of tea. I do not drink milk. After school I do not go home at once. I go to the library and change the book. Then I go home.

Упражнение ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ 195

Перепишите последующий текст в прошедшем вре­мени (что поведала мать).

On Tuesday I get up at half past six. I go to the bathroom and wash my hands and face and clean my teeth. Then I dress, go to the kitchen and cook break­fast for my family. At half past seven ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ my son gets


160 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Употребление времен




up and has breakfast. I have breakfast with my son. My son eats a sandwich and drinks a cup of tea. I don't drink tea. I drink coffee. After breakfast my son leaves home for school. I don't leave home ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ with my son. On Tuesday I don't work in the morning. I work in the afternoon. In the evening I am at home. My husband and my son are at home, too. We rest in the evening. My son watches TV, my husband reads newspapers and I do some work ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ about the house. At about eleven o'clock we go to bed.

Упражнение 196

Перепишите последующий текст в прошедшем вре­мени.

Boris wakes up when it is already quite light. He looks at his watch. It is a quarter to seven. Quick! Boris jumps out of bed and runs to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ the bathroom. He has just time to take a cold shower and drink a glass of tea with bread and butter. He is in a hur­ry to catch the eight o'clock train.

At the railway station he meets three other boys from his group. They all ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ have small backpacks and fishing rods.

In less than an hour they get off the train at a small station near a wood. They walk very quick­ly and soon find themselves on the shore of a large lake. The boys spend the whole day there fishing, boating and ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ swimming.

They return home late at night, tired but happy.

Сравните употребление Present Simple и Past Simple


Упражнение 197

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple либо Past Simple.

1. His sister (to study) English every day. 2. She (to study) English two hours ago. 3. You (to come) home at six o'clock ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ yesterday? — No, I ... . Yester­day I (to come) home from school at half past eight. I (to be) very tired. I (to have) dinner with my fam­ily. After dinner I (to be) very thirsty. I (to drink) two cups of tea. Then I (to rest). 4. I (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ go) to bed at ten o'clock every day. 5. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock yesterday. 6. My brother (to wash) his face every morning. 7. Last night he (to wash) his face with soap and water. 8. I (not to have) history les­sons every day. 9. We (not ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ to rest) yesterday.

10. My brother (not to drink) coffee yesterday.

11. My mother always (to take) a bus to get to work,
but yesterday she (not to take) a bus. Yesterday she
(to walk) to her office. 12. You (to talk) to the mem­
bers of your family every day? — Yes, I ... . But
yesterday I ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (not to talk) to them: I (to be) very busy
yesterday. 13. Your sister (to go) to school every
day? — Yes, she .... 14. Mary (to like) writing sto­
ries. 15. Last week she (to write) a funny story about
her pet. 16. You (to tell) your mother the truth about
the money? 17. You (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ wear) your polka-dot dress
to work? — Yes, I .... I (to wear) it yesterday.
18. We (to like) to go to the beach. We (to enjoy)
swimming in the ocean last weekend.

Упражнение 198

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple либо Past Simple.

1. Tom always (to eat) breakfast. 2. Yesterday he (not to eat ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) breakfast because he (to get) up late.


6 Ю.Голицынский


162 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Употребление времен 163



3. We (to like) to cook but we (not to like) to wash the dishes. 4. He never (to shout) at his students. He (to be) a wonderful teacher, I remember. 5. My friend (to know) Spanish very well ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 6. Who (to ring) you up an hour ago? 7. He (to live) on the third floor.

8. It (to take) you long to find his house yesterday?

9. When your lessons (to be) over on Monday?

10. I (to have) dinner with my family yesterday.

11. Her friends (to be) ready at five o'clock ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 12. One of her brothers (to make) a tour of Europe last sum­mer. 13. Queen Elizabeth II (to be) born in 1926. She (to become) Queen of England in 1952. 14. You al­ways (to get) up at seven o'clock? — No, sometimes I (to get) up at half past seven. 15. Antonio Stradi ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ­vari (to make) wonderful violins. 16. Who (to paint) the world-known picture "Mona Lisa"? 17. She (to know) all the works of Chopin. She (to enjoy) listen­ing to his waltz last night. 18. Steven's friends (to come) to his birthday party last night and (to give) him wonderful ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ presents. His parents (to cook) a spe­cial dinner for him. His girlfriend (to promise) to come, but she (not to be) there. He (to try) to phone, but he couldn't get through. He (to be) really upset. Only she (not to wish) him a Happy Birthday.

Сравните употребление ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple

Упражнение 199

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Past Simple либо Future Simple.

1. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock every day. 2.1 (to go) to bed at ten o'clock yesterday. 3. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock tomorrow ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 4. I (not to go) to the


cinema every day. 5. I (not to go) to the cinema yes­terday. 6. I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. 7. You (to watch) TV every day? 8. You (to watch) TV yesterday? 9. You (to watch) TV tomorrow?

10. When you (to leave) home for ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ school every day?

11. When you (to leave) home for school yesterday?

12. When you (to leave) home for school tomorrow?

13. My brother (to go) to work every day. He (to leave) home at a quarter past eight. As the office he (to work) at (to be) near our house, he (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ walk) there. He (not to take) a bus. Yesterday he (not to go) to work. Yesterday he (to get) up at nine o'clock.

14. You (to have) a PT lesson yesterday? — No, I ... . 15. What you (to buy) at the shop yester­day? — I (to buy) a book. 16. Yesterday ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ my father (not to read) newspapers because he (to be) very busy. He (to read) newspapers tomorrow.

Упражнение 200

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Past Simple либо Future Simple.

1. He (to turn) on the television to watch cartoons every morning. 2. He (to turn) on the television to watch cartoons yesterday morning ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 3. He (to turn) on the television to watch cartoons tomorrow morn­ing. 4. I always (to go) to the Altai Mountains to visit my relatives there. 5. I (to be) very busy last sum­mer and I (not to go) there. 6. I (not to go) there next year because ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ it (to cost) a lot of money and I can't afford it. 7. They (to enjoy) themselves at the symphony yesterday evening? 8. Who (to take) care of the child in the future? 9. How often you (to go) to the dentist's? 10. We (not to have) very good weather, but we still ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to have) a good time during our short stay in London. 11. She (to do) all the


164 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Употребление времен




washing in their house. 12. He even (not to know) how to use the washing machine. 13. Two years ago they (to be) rich and money (to be) never a problem ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 14. You (to think) you (to be) happy in your new neighbourhood? 15. When the cabbage soup (to be) ready? 16. The customs officers at JFK airport in New York (to arrest) that young man when he (to arrive). 17. I (to like) to get on with my friends, so I often (to do) what ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ they (to want). 18. When (to be) your birthday? 19. When you (to get) your watch? 20. Who (to create) Mickey Mouse?

Сравните употребление Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple

Упражнение 201

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из последующих времен: Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple либо Future Simple ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ.

1. Kate (to cook) dinner every day. 2. Kate (to cook) dinner tomorrow. 3. Kate (to cook) dinner now. 4. Kate (to cook) dinner yesterday. 5. I (not to eat) ice cream every day. 6. I (not to eat) ice cream now. 7. I (not to eat) ice cream tomorrow. 8. I (not to eat ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) ice cream yesterday. 9. He (to spend) last summer in the country. 10. He (not to spend) last summer in the country. 11. He (to spend) last summer in the country? 12. Where he (to spend) last summer? 13. She (to help) mother yesterday. 14. She (not to help) mother yesterday. 15. She (to help) mother yes ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ­terday? 16. How she (to help) mother yesterday? 17. You (to go) to school every day? 18. You (to go) to school now? 19. You (to go) to the south next sum-


mer? 20. You (to go) abroad last summer? 21. What your brother (to do) every day? 22. What your broth­er (to do) now? 23. What your ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ brother (to do) to­morrow? 24. What your brother (to do) yesterday?

Упражнение 202

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из последующих времен: Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple либо Future Simple.

1. I (to think) Nellie (to leave) for Moscow tomor­row. 2. I (to be) in a hurry. My ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ friends (to wait) for me. 3. You (to be) at the theatre yesterday. You (to like) the opera? — Oh yes, I (to enjoy) it greatly. 4. We (to expect) you (to go) to London next sum­mer. 5. Her English (not to be) excellent, but she (to work) at it. 6. A week ago ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ they (not to know) what to think. 7. She (to worry) a lot at the moment, but the problems (not to be) very great. 8. Last Tuesday he (to be) upset and (to have) no idea where to go. 9. Could you tell me the way to Trafalgar Square? I (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ go) the right way? 10. Various kinds of sports (to be) popular in Russia. 11. Both children and grown-ups (to be) fond of sports. 12. What (to be) the matter with her? She (to be) so excited. — I (not to know). 13. Where you (to go)? — I (to go) to the stadium to see ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ the match which (to take) place there today. 14. You (to know) that a very interesting match (to take) place last Sunday? 15. He (to go) to the south a week ago. 16. When I (to be) about fifteen years old, I (to enjoy) playing football. 17. Our foot­ball team (to win ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) many games last year. 18. Where (to be) Boris? — He (to play) chess with his friend. 19. I (to be) sorry I (to miss) the match yesterday. But I (to know) the score. It (to be) 4 to 2 in favour of the Russian team.


166 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


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Упражнение 203

Раскройте ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из последующих времен: Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple либо Future Simple.

1. My friend (to go) to the library every Wednes­day. 2. He (not to go) to the country yesterday. 3. Why you (to go) to the shop yesterday? 4. We (to grow) tomatoes next summer. 5. What ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ you (to do) now? 6. He (to sleep) now. 7. Where your father (to work) last year? 8. She (to go) to the south next sum­mer? 9. He (not to watch) TV yesterday. 10. Yester­day we (to write) a paper. 11. I (to buy) a very good book last Tuesday. 12. My granny (not to buy ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) bread yesterday. 13. What you (to buy) at the shop tomor­row? 14. Don't make noise! Father (to work). 15. We (to go) on a tramp last Sunday. 16. Your brother (to go) to the country with us next Sunday? 17. Granny (not to cook) dinner now. 18. We (to cook) our meals ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ on a fire last summer. 19. My sister (to wash) the dishes every morning. 20. When you (to go) to school? 21. What you (to prepare) for breakfast to­morrow? 22. You (to invite) your cousin to stay with you next summer? 23. How you (to help) your sister last summer? 24. I ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to send) a letter to my friend tomorrow. 25. Every morning on the way to school I (to meet) my friends. 26. His grandfather (to lis­ten) to rock'n'roll music. That (to be) strange! He always (to listen) to classical music.

Упражнение 204

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из последующих времен: Present ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple либо Future Simple.

1. Max (not to be) here. He (to wash) his car. He (to wash) it every weekend. 2. He (not to play) the


piano tomorrow. 3. We (to see) a very good film last Sunday. 4. Your mother (to cook) every day? 5. We (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ make) a fire last summer. 6. I (to spend) last summer at the seaside. 7. Where you (to spend) last summer? 8. Where he (to spend) next summer? 9. What mother (to do) now? — She (to cook) din­ner. 10. I (not to play) computer games yesterday. 11. Last Sunday we (to go) to the theatre ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 12.1 (to meet) my friend yesterday. 13. I (to write) a letter to my cousin yesterday. 14. You (to write) a dictation tomor­row? 15. I (not to write) a report now. 16. Mother (to cook) a marvellous dinner yesterday. 17. Tomorrow Nick (not to go) to school — I (not to think) so ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ.

Спряжение глагола to work(работать) в Past Continuous Tense (Past Progressive Tense) (действие в процессе, совершалось в определенный момент либо протекало в течение верно ограниченного периода времени в прошедшем)
1 was working Не was workingShe was working It was working We were workingYou were workingThey were working 1 was not working ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ He was not workingShe was not working It was not working We were not workingYou were not workingThey were not working
Was 1 working? Washe working? Wasshe working? Was it working? Were we working? Wereyou working? Werethey working? Yes, 1 was.Yes, he was.Yes, she was.Yes, it was. Yes ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, we were.Yes, you were.Yes, they were No, 1 wasn't. No,he wasn't. No,she wasn't. No, it wasn't. No, we weren't. No,you weren't.No, they weren't.

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Сравните употребление Present Continuous

(действие протекает в момент речи) и Past Continuous

(действие ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ протекало в определенный момент в прошедшем)

Упражнение 205

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous либо Past Continuous.

1. I (to write) an English exercise now. 2. I (to write) an English exercise at this time yesterday. 3. My little sister (to sleep) now. 4 My little sister (to sleep) at this time yesterday. 5. My friends (not ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ to do) their homework now. They (to play) volley­ball. 6. My friends (not to do) their homework at seven o'clock yesterday. They (to play) volleyball.

7. She (to read) the whole evening yesterday.

8. She (not to read) now. 9. Now she (to go) to school. 10. What you ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to do) now? — I (to drink) tea. 11. You (to drink) tea at this time yesterday? — No, I (not to drink) tea at this time yesterday, I (to eat) a banana. 12. My sister is fond of read­ing. She (to read) the whole evening yesterday, and now she (to read) again ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 13. Look! My cat (to play) with a ball. 14. When I went out into the garden, the sun (to shine) and birds (to sing) in the trees. 15. You (to eat) ice cream now? 16. You (to eat) ice cream when I rang you up yesterday? 17. What your father (to do) now? 18. What ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ your father (to do) from eight till nine yesterday? 19. Why she (to cry) now? 20. Why she (to cry) when I saw her yesterday?


Сравните употребление
Past Simple и Past Continuous
Направьте внимание на происшествия
времени, соответствующие для Past Continuous:
at... o'clock yesterday
when mother came home
from 5 till 6 yesterday ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ
the whole evening
Обратите также внимание
на последующие два предложения:
We played chess in the evening, (вечерком) —
Past Simple
We were playing chess the whole evening.
(весь вечер) — Past Continuous

Упражнение 206

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. I (to go) to the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ cinema yesterday. 2. I (to go) to the cinema at four o'clock yesterday. 3. I (to go) to the cinema when you met me. 4. I (to do) my home­work the whole evening yesterday. 5. I (to do) my homework when mother came home. 6. I (to do) my homework yesterday. 7.1 (to do ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) my homework from five till eight yesterday. 8. I (to do) my homework at six o'clock yesterday. 9. I (not to play) the pi­ano yesterday. I (to write) a letter to my friend. 10. I (not to play) the piano at four o'clock yester­day. I (to read) a book. 11. He ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (not to sleep) when father came home. He (to do) his homework. 12. When I (to go) to school the day before yester­day, I met Mike and Pete. They (to talk) and (to


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Употребление времен 171



laugh). They told me a funny story. Soon I (to laugh ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ), too. I still (to laugh) when we came to school. After school I (to tell) this story at home. My fa­ther and mother (to like) it very much. 13. When we were in the country last summer, I (to go) to the wood one day. In the wood I (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ find) a little fox cub. I (to bring) it home. I (to decide) to tame the cub. Every day I (to feed) it and (to take) care of it. I (to tame) it the whole summer. Now the fox cub is quite tame. It lives in my house.

Упражнение 207

Раскройте ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. I (to play) computer games yesterday. 2. I (to play) computer games at five o'clock yesterday. 3. He (to play) computer games from two till three yesterday. 4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 5. My brother (not to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ play) ten­nis yesterday. He (to play) tennis the day before yes­terday. 6. My sister (not to play) the piano at four o'clock yesterday. She (to play) the piano the whole evening. 7. When I came into the kitchen, mother (to cook). 8. She (to cook) the whole day ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ yesterday.

9. We (to wash) the floor in our flat yesterday.

10. We (to wash) the floor in our flat from three till
four yesterday. 11. You (to do) your homework yes­
terday? 12. You (to do) your homework from eight
till ten yesterday? 13. Why she (to sleep) at seven
o'clock yesterday? 14. He (to sit) at the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ table the
whole evening yesterday. 15. What Nick (to do) when
you came to his place? 16. What you (to do) when
I rang you up? 17. I (not to sleep) at nine o'clock
yesterday. 18. What he (to do) yesterday? — He (to


read) a book. 19. What he (to do) the whole evening yesterday ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ? — He (to read) a book. 20. She (to sleep) when you came home?

Направьте внимание на последующие предложения:

When mother came home, I was reading.
came
— однократное действие (пришла)

Past Simple

was reading— действие в процессе (читал) Past Continuous

• When mother was reading, I came home.

was reading— действие в процессе (читала) Pasf Continuous

came— однократное действие ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (пришел) Past Simple

Упражнение 208

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. When I (to come) home, my little sister (to sleep). 2. When Nick (to come) home, his broth­er (to play) with his toys. 3. When mother (to come) home, I (to do) my homework. 4. When father (to come) home ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ, Pete (to sleep). 5. When mother (to come) home, the children (to play) on the carpet. 6. When I (to get) up, my mother and father (to drink) tea. 7. When I (to come) to my friend's place, he (to watch) TV. 8. When I (to see) my friends, they ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to play) football. 9. When I (to open) the door, the cat (to sit) on the table. 10. When Kate (to open) the door, the children (to dance) round the firtree. 11. When Tom (to cross) the street, he (to fall).


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12. When I (to go) to school, I ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to meet) my friend.

13. When .we (to go) to the cinema, we (to meet) grandmother. 14. When grandmother (to go) home, she (to see) many children in the yard. 15. When Henry (to walk) about in the forest, he (to find) a bear cub. 16. When we (to walk) about in the for ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ­est, we (to see) a hare. 17. When I (to wash) the floor, I (to find) my old toy under the sofa. 18. When granny (to read) a book on the sofa, she (to fall) asleep. 19. When I (to play) in the yard, I suddenly (to see) my old friend ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 20. When Nick (to run) about in the yard, he (to fall).

Упражнение 209

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. The girl (to cook) dinner when the lights (to go) out. She (to burn) herself. 2. The boy (to hurt) himself while he (to skate). 3. When the woman ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to enter) the room, the children (to feed) the goldfish. 4. When I (to visit) my friends in Denmark, I (to buy) two presents for my family. 5. When it (to start) to rain, we (to bathe) in the river. 6. Yester­day at one o'clock I (to have) lunch at ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ the canteen.

7. When he (to come) in, I (to do) my exercises.

8. What you (to do) at eight o'clock yesterday?

9. At this time yesterday I (to go) home. 10. You (to sleep) when I (to go) out. 11. He (to read) on the sofa when I (to come) in and (to sit) down ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ beside him. 12. I (to walk) along the street with my friend when a tram (to pass). 13. She (to look) out of the window when I (to see) her. 14. We (to answer) the teacher's questions when the headmistress (to enter) the class­room. 15. They (to drink) tea when I ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to come) home. 16. He (to walk) along the river when a boat (to


pass). 17. The old man (to think) about his plan when he (to fall) asleep. 18. We (to listen) to an in­teresting lecture yesterday. 19. When I (to enter) the classroom, the teacher (to write) words on ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ the blackboard and the pupils (to copy) them into their exercise books. 20. They (to get) ready to go out when it (to begin) raining.

Упражнение 210

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. I (to go) to the theatre yesterday. 2. At seven o'clock yesterday I ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to go) to the theatre. 3. What you (to do) at 5 o'clock yesterday? — I (to play) the piano. 4. When I (to come) to school, the children (to stand) near the classroom. 5. We (to play) in the yard the whole evening yesterday. 6. When I (to pre­pare) breakfast in the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ morning, I (to cut) my finger. 7. Last year I (to go) to the United States. 8. You (to go) to Great Britain last year? — No, I (to go) to France. 9. What you (to do) yesterday? — I (to trans­late) a very long article. 10. When I (to ring) up my friend, he ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to sleep). 11. When grandfather (to watch) TV, he (to fall) asleep. 12. When my friend (to come) to see me, I (to do) my homework. 13. When I (to go) to the stadium, I (to meet) Kate and Ann. 14. When Nick (to ring) me up yesterday, I (to help) mother. 15. When the children ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ (to walk) through the wood, they (to see) a fox. 16. When I (to come) home, my sister (to wash) the floor. 17. When Mike (to play) in the yard, he (to find) a ball. 18. When I (to draw) yesterday, I (to break) two pencils. 19. When I (to meet ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) Tom, he (to go) to the shop. 20. When I (to look) out of the window, the children (to play) hide-and-seek.


174 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


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Направьте внимание на последующие предложения:

Father was reading at 7 o'clock yesterday.

действие в процессе — Past Continuous

Father came home at 7 o'clock yesterday.

однократное ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ действие — Past Simple

Упражнение 211

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1.Father (to watch) TV at ten o'clock yesterday. 2. I (to go) to bed at nine o'clock yesterday. 3. I (to finish) my homework at nine o'clock yesterday.

4. I (to play) the piano at five o ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ'clock yesterday.

5. He (to begin) to do his homework at four o'clock yesterday. 6. She (to wash) the floor at four o'clock yesterday. 7. I (to meet) Nick at three o'clock yes­terday. 8. When I (to come) home, Kate (to play) the piano. 9. When I (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ meet) John, he (to go) to the railway station. 10. When I (to go) to the museum, I (to see) a big crowd of people in the street. 11.They (to play) in the yard in the evening yesterday. 12.They (to play) in the yard the whole evening yes­terday. 13.I (to ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ clean) my teeth at eight o'clock in the morning yesterday. 14. We (to go) to the wood in summer. 15. When the teacher (to open) the door of the classroom, the pupils (to sit) at their desks. 16. He (to get) up at seven o'clock yesterday. 17. Fa­ther (to come ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) home at six o'clock yesterday. 18.1 (to read) a book at six o'clock yesterday. 19. She (to fall) asleep at eleven o'clock yesterday. 20. Mother (to drink) tea at eleven o'clock yesterday.


Упражнение 212

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. Last Sunday we (to go ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) skiing in the country. There (to be) already a lot of snow in the fields and we (to enjoy) ourselves. We (to ski) for two hours and a half. 2. They (to meet) at the station two hours ago. 3. Where you (to spend) last Sunday? 4. We (to be) in a ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ hurry because only twenty minutes (to be) left before the beginning of the performance. 5.1 (to play) the violin when my friend (to come) in. He (to invite) me to the theatre and I (to accept) the invita­tion with pleasure. 6. He (to ring) up his friend and (to ask ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) him about the homework. 7. When I (to come) to the theatre, my friend already (to wait) for me. 8. When I (to go) to the dentist's, I (to break) my arm. 9. When the teacher (to walk) into the class­room, the boys (to listen) to pop music and the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ girls (to eat) chips and (to drink) lemonade. 10. She (to go) to the bank when I (to meet) her. She (not to go) to the doctor's. 11.What you (to do) when the acci­dent (to happen)? — I (to walk) out of the hospital. 12.He (to leave) the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ bank, when the thieves (to take) his money.

Упражнение 213

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simpleлибо Past Continuous.

1. The cat (to take) a piece of fish and then (to run) away. 2. He (to read) a newspaper when I (to come) in. 3. Yesterday I (to get) up at seven o ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ'clock.

4. The train (to start) at fifteen minutes to ten.

5. He (to put) on his coat and cap, (to open) the door and (to go) out. 6. At this time yesterday I (to sit)


176 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Употребление времен




in the theatre. 7. Не (to come) back to St. Peters­burg on the 15th of ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ January. 8. I (to go) to the in­stitute when I (to see) him. 9. At this time yester­day we (to have) dinner. 10. He (to write) a letter when I (to come) in. 11. He (to make) a report when I (to leave) the meeting. 12. Yesterday he (to write) a ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ letter to his friend. 13. When I (to look) at them, they (to smile) at me. 14. What you (to do) at six o'clock yesterday? 15. I (to go) to bed at half past eleven. 16. Yesterday the lesson (to begin) at nine o'clock. 17. When somebody (to knock) at the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ door, she (to argue) with her husband. 18. When Pete (to jog) in the park in the morning, he (to lose) his Walk­man. 19. When the police (to take) the thief to the car, I (to go) to the cinema to see the new Tom Cruise film. 20. He (to shave ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) when he (to hear) her scream.

Упражнение 214

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. Lena (to sweep) the floor on Sunday. 2. Lena (to sweep) the floor from eleven till twelve on Sun­day. 3. They (to go) to the wood last Sunday? 4. When they (to sail) down the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ river they (to see) a little island. 5. We (to work) the whole morning yesterday. 6. Mother (to cook) dinner at three o'clock yesterday. 7. She (to finish) cooking at four o'clock yesterday. 8. At half past four yesterday we (to have) dinner. 9. They (to translate) a difficult text yesterday.

10. I (to open ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ) the window at six o'clock yesterday.

11. You (to go) to the cinema yesterday? 12. I (not to see) Mike last week. 13. When I (to open) the door, my friends (to sit) around the table. 14. When you (to begin) doing your homework yesterday? 15. We (to discuss) the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ latest news from three till


four yesterday. 16. When I (to read) the newspaper yesterday, I (to find) an interesting article on UFOs. 17. You (to watch) TV yesterday? — Yes, we (to watch) TV the whole evening yesterday. 18. When you (to go) to bed yesterday? 19. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ yesterday. 20. At half past ten yester­day I (to sleep). 21. When I (to come) home from school yesterday, my little brother (to sit) on the floor with all his toys around him. He (to play) with them. I (to tell) him to put his toys into the ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ box as he (to make) too much noise.

Упражнение 215

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple либо Past Continuous.

1. I (to feed) my cat with fish yesterday. 2. What you (to do) at four o'clock yesterday? — I (to feed) my cat. 3. What your brother (to do) yesterday? — He (to play) computer games ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 4. I (to begin) repair­ing my camera at six o'clock yesterday. 5. At five o'clock yesterday Helen (to cook) soup. 6. What you (to do) when your sister (to come) home yesterday?

7. You (to have) supper at nine o'clock yesterday?

8. He (not to go) to the shop yesterday ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ. 9. Nick (to go) to bed at ten o'clock yesterday. 10. Rick (to sleep) at eleven o'clock yesterday. 11. When we (to play) in the yard yesterday, it suddenly (to start) raining heavily. 12. I (to see) Mike when he (to cross) the street. 13. He (to begin) repairing his bicycle ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ in the morning yesterday. 14. He (to repair) his bicycle the whole day yesterday. 15. He (to finish) repairing his bicycle in the evening yesterday. 16. We (to play) badminton from nine till eleven yesterday. 17. Kate (not to go) for a walk yesterday. She (to write) a com-


178 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


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